Jim Corbett National Park

Jim Corbett National Park is situated in Nainital, Pauri Garwhal and Bijnore districts of Uttaranchal. The entire reserve area is mountainous and includes the Shivalik and Outer Himalaya geological region. Corbett National Park is known for its diversity of nature, and the site will launch a project Tiger. Corbett National Park was one of nine tiger reserves created at the launch of the Project Tiger in 1973.

The major wildlife in Corbett National Park include tiger, elephant, Chital, Sambar, nilgai, gharial, King Cobra, muntjac, wild boar, hedgehog, shrew musky fruit bat, Indian Pangolin, and nearly 600 species of birds and also a number of facilities available to tourists in the house and outside the park.

Royal Bengal Tiger

It is a paradise for lovers of adventure and getaway for wildlife lovers. Dense moist deciduous forest mainly consists of peepal, sal, haldu, rohini (elephant feed) and mango trees, these trees cover almost 71 per cent of the park. 10 percent of the region consists of grasslands. The rare Royal Bengal tiger of India resides here. The sanctuary was the first to come under Project Tiger initiative in 1973.

It is one of the largest park in Asia. The main river is Kosi and Sonanandi Ramganga. These rivers originate in the Himalayas, but is a branch of Sonanandi Ramganga.

There are three types of safari to visit the jungle

* Elephant Safari
* Jeep Safari and
* Canter Safari.

Flora in Jim Corbett National Park

Different habitats in Corbett, i.e. mountains, forests, floor Chaura Khair-sissoo forests and rivers have their separate collection of plants. Over 600 species of trees, shrubs, grasses, bamboos, grasses, ferns and climbers were identified in the park.

Trees in Jim Corbett National Park

The most visible trees found in Corbett are Sal, Khair and sissoo. Chir pine (Pinus Roxburgh) is the only conifer of the Park. Palms contains Khajur or Date-palm (Phoenix sp.) Densiflora Wallachia rare palm tree found in Corbett, near Sultan. Kanju (Holoptelia integrifolia), Jamun (Syzygium cumini) and Aamla (Emblica officinalis) can be found in wetlands. Other important species are Bel (Aegle marmalos), Kusum (Schleicher oil), Mahua (Madhuca indica) and baklava (Anogeissus latifolia).

Flowering trees provide colour to the forests in Corbett. The most important are Kachnaar (Bauhinia variegata), Semal (Bombax Ceiba), Dhaka or Flame-of-the-forest (Butea monospermous), Madaar or Indian Coral (Erythrina points) and Amaltas (Cassia fistula).

Shrubs, Bamboo, Herbs, Grasses, Woody climbers, Epiphytes and orchids, Wetland vegetation, Non-flowering plants, Liverworts and mosses are found on moist trunks.

Asian Elephant Fauna in Jim Corbett National Park

Fauna maily include Tiger, Asian Elephant, Deer, Sambar (Cervus unicolor), Barking Deer or Kakar. Other mammals are the leopard (Panthera pardus), Common or Hanuman Langur (Semnopithecus entellus) Himalayan Goral, or Ghural (Nemorhaedus goral), wild boar (Sus scrofa), Asiatic jackal (Canis aureus), etc., Gharial and mugger, Mahseer and other fishes, Herpetofauna also found in the park.

Corbett is one of the few places in India, where three species of otters are in force together. The species of otters occurring in Corbett Park are Eurasian or Common otter (Lutra lutra monticola), Smooth-coated otter (Lutra perspicillata) and Small-clawed otter (Aonyx cinerea).